β2-Adrenoceptor agonists in the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis

Yuri K. Peterson, Robert B. Cameron, Lauren P. Wills, Richard E. Trager, Chris C. Lindsey, Craig C. Beeson, Rick G. Schnellmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The stimulation of mitochondrial biogenesis (MB) via cell surface G-protein coupled receptors is a promising strategy for cell repair and regeneration. Here we report the specificity and chemical rationale of a panel of β2-adrenoceptor agonists with regards to MB. Using primary cultures of renal cells, a diverse panel of β2-adrenoceptor agonists elicited three distinct phenotypes: full MB, partial MB, and non-MB. Full MB compounds had efficacy in the low nanomolar range and represent two chemical scaffolds containing three distinct chemical clusters. Interestingly, the MB phenotype did not correlate with reported receptor affinity or chemical similarity. Chemical clusters were then subjected to pharmacophore modeling creating two models with unique and distinct features, consisting of five conserved amongst full MB compounds were identified. The two discrete pharmacophore models were coalesced into a consensus pharmacophore with four unique features elucidating the spatial and chemical characteristics required to stimulate MB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5376-5381
Number of pages6
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume23
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adrenoceptor
  • Biogenesis
  • Chemical similarity
  • Clustering
  • Mitochondria
  • Pharmacophore
  • Renal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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