Zilver PTX Post-Market Surveillance Study of Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents for Treating Femoropopliteal Artery Disease in Japan: 12-Month Results

Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Takao Ohki, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Masato Nakamura, Kimihiro Komori, Shinsuke Nanto, Erin E. O'Leary, Aaron E. Lottes, Scott A. Snyder, Michael D. Dake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


Objectives This multicenter, prospective, post-market surveillance study in Japan evaluates the paclitaxel-coated Zilver PTX stent in real-world patients with complex lesions. Background The Zilver PTX stent is the first drug-eluting stent (DES) approved for the superficial femoral artery. Previously, results from a large randomized study and a complementary, large single-arm study supported the safety and effectiveness of the DES. Methods There were no exclusion criteria, and consecutive patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) treated with the DES were enrolled in the study. Clinically driven target lesion revascularization (TLR) was defined as reintervention performed for ≥50% diameter stenosis after recurrent clinical symptoms of PAD. Clinical benefit was defined as freedom from persistent or worsening symptoms of ischemia. Patency was evaluated by duplex ultrasound where physicians considered this standard of care. Results In this study, 907 patients were enrolled at 95 institutions in Japan. There were numerous comorbidities including high incidences of diabetes (58.8%), chronic kidney disease (43.8%), and critical limb ischemia (21.5%). Lesions were also complex, with an average length of 14.7 cm, 41.6% total occlusions, and 18.6% in-stent restenosis. In total, 1,861 DES were placed in 1,075 lesions. Twelve-month follow-up was obtained for >95% of eligible patients. Freedom from TLR was 91.0%, and clinical benefit was 87.7% through 12 months. The 12-month primary patency rate was 86.4%. Conclusions Despite more challenging lesions, results from the current study are similar to outcomes from the previous Zilver PTX studies, confirming the benefit of the Zilver PTX DES in a real-world patient population. (Zilver PTX Post-Market Study in Japan; NCT02254837)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalJACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 8 2016


  • drug-eluting stent(s)
  • paclitaxel-eluting stent(s)
  • peripheral artery disease
  • peripheral vascular disease
  • popliteal artery
  • superficial femoral artery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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