X-shooter survey of young intermediate-mass stars-I. Stellar characterization and disc evolution

Daniela P. Iglesias, Olja Panić, Mario Van Den Ancker, Monika G. Petr-Gotzens, Lionel Siess, Miguel Vioque, Ilaria Pascucci, Rene Oudmaijer, James Miley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Intermediate-mass stars (IMSs) represent the link between low-mass and high-mass stars, and cover a key mass range for giant planet formation. In this paper, we present a spectroscopic survey of 241 young IMS candidates with IR-excess, the most complete unbiased sample to date within 300 pc. We combined VLT/X-Shooter spectra with BVR photometric observations and Gaia DR3 distances to estimate fundamental stellar parameters such as Teff, mass, radius, age, and luminosity. We further selected those stars within the intermediate-mass range 1.5 ≤ Mâ /M⊠≤ 3.5, and discarded old contaminants. We used 2MASS and WISE photometry to study the IR-excesses of the sample, finding 92 previously unidentified stars with IR-excess. We classified this sample into 'protoplanetary', 'hybrid candidates', and 'debris' discs based on their observed fractional excess at 12 $\mu$m, finding a new population of 17 hybrid disc candidates. We studied inner disc dispersal time-scales for $\lambda < 10 \,\mu$m and found very different trends for IMSs and low-mass stars (LMSs). IMSs show excesses dropping fast during the first 6 Myr independently of the wavelength, while LMSs show consistently lower fractions of excess at the shortest wavelengths, and increasingly higher fractions for longer wavelengths with slower dispersal rates. In conclusion, this study demonstrates empirically that IMSs dissipate their inner discs very differently than LMSs, providing a possible explanation for the lack of short period planets around IMSs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3958-3975
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2023


  • stars: circumstellar matter
  • stars: early-Type
  • stars: evolution
  • stars: fundamental parameters
  • stars: pre-main-sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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