Wingtip Jets Effects on Flow Entrainment and Aerodynamic Loads

Parisa Footohi, Luciano Mozzone, Sergey Shkarayev, Kyle Hanquist

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This work presents experimental and computational investigations of effects of wingtip jets on flow and aerodynamic loads. Wind tunnel experiments were conducted using NACA 0012 wing model with an internal flow chamber and jet slots at the tip. Tests were carried out at 5, 10, and 15 m/s and at an angle of attack of 7.5 degrees. Average aerodynamic forces and moments were recorded using six-component external balance. To complement the experimental approach, studies were performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) of the blowing jet near wingtips to better understand the effects on the flow field and wing performance. These simulations were performed using a compressible Reynold’s Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solver and investigated similar conditions used in the experimental setup. Changes in spanwise velocity show critical differences between the jet on and off cases and provide insight into the difference in lift. The jet causes a negligible change to the spanwise velocity below the airfoil, and significantly reduces and even reverses the spanwise velocity above the airfoil. This reversal of the spanwise flow is due to the air entrainment caused by the jet. Under the steady blowing, the wingtip vortex is displaced upward and outward from the wingtip. Results show that the blowing jet from the wingtip reduces the pressure on the top of the wing whereas the effect on the pressure on the bottom of the wing is minimal. Observed changes in pressure distribution explain forces and moments changes, specifically the total lift and drag increase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624106101
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
EventAIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Aug 2 2021Aug 6 2021

Publication series

NameAIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition, AIAA AVIATION Forum 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/2/218/6/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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