Whither the pen-based interface?

Robert O. Briggs, Alan R. Dennis, Brenda S. Beck, Jay F. Nunamaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


This paper reports the results of six experiments to investigate the kinds of applications for which a pen-based interface might be useful, the kinds of users who might adopt pen-based interfaces, and the features or components of the pen-based interface that users find acceptable. The experiments revealed a strong user acceptance of pen-based systems for software navigation and position control across a range of applications, and showed that the responses of current nonusers were very similar to those of experienced users when using pen-based systems. The results also suggest that, contrary to conventional wisdom, handwriting recognition is unlikely to be widely accepted as a direct keyboard substitute for general-purpose computing. The paper discusses alternatives to handwriting recognition for pen-based character input, and ends with a brief discussion of future directions in pen-based interface research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-90
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Management Information Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1992


  • Handwriting recognition
  • Pen-based systems
  • User acceptance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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