What is F2 Good For?

Kenneth I. Forster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


It is commonly assumed that a significant item analysis (F2) provides an assurance that the treatment effect is generalizable to the population of items from which the items were drawn, which in turn implies that the effect is reasonably general across items. The latter implication is shown to be false, and it is argued that a new test of generality rather than generalizability is required. Comments from a number of prominent researchers in the field are provided on a separate website.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2008


  • F2
  • Generality
  • Items analyses
  • Statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence


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