What is creativity: Teachers' beliefs about creativity in students' written stories

Abdulnasser A. Alhusaini, June C. Maker, Regina Deil-Amen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to explore teachers' conceptual beliefs about creativity. Using the Consensual Assessment Technique (CAT), 17 elementary school teachers rated students' creativity in two separate studies. In the first study, 11 teachers analyzed the stories of 67 male and 70 female students from kindergarten, first, and second grades. In the second study, 6 teachers rated the stories of 67 male and 72 female students from third, fourth, and fifth grades. In both studies, teachers were required to use a list of clearly established guidelines in which the final step was to report the criteria used to evaluate students' creativity. Teachers' reports, which comprised 51 documents, were organized and analyzed. After coding and analyzing the data using NVivo software, the authors identified 8 major themes: (a) fluency, (b) voice, (c) originality, (d) imagination, (e) elaboration, (f) complexity, (g) making connections, and (h) writing clarity. Future researchers are encouraged to challenge the identified themes by replicating the current study in many places and in a variety of domains to enrich the theory of Creativity as a Social Construct (CSC).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-180
Number of pages19
JournalZbornik Instituta za Pedagoska Istrazivanja
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014


  • And rating creativity
  • Creativity as a social construct (CSC)
  • Creativity in students' writing
  • Teachers' beliefs and creativity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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