Weight loss in mildly to moderately obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea

P. L. Smith, A. R. Gold, D. A. Meyers, E. F. Haponik, E. R. Bleecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

370 Scopus citations

Abstract

The therapeutic effects of weight loss were evaluated in 15 hypersomnolent patients with moderately severe obstructive sleep apnea. As patients decreased their body weight from 106.2 ± 7.3 kg (mean ± SE) to 96.6 ± 5.9 kg, apnea frequency fell from 55.0 ± 7.5 to 29.2 ± 7.1 episodes/h (p < 0.01) in non-rapid-eye-movement sleep with an associated significant decline in the mean oxyhemoglobin saturation during the remaining episodes of sleep apnea from 11.9 ± 2.4% to 7.9 ± 1.9% (p < 0.02). Sleep patterns also improved, with a reduction in stage I sleep from 40.2 ± 7.3% to 23.5 ± 4.8% (p < 0.01), and a rise in stage II sleep from 37.3 ± 7.0% to 49.4 ± 4.6% (p < 0.03). In the 9 patients with the most marked fall in apnea frequency, the tendency toward daytime hypersomnolence was decreased (p < 0.05). No significant changes in sleep patterns occurred in 8 age- and weight-matched control patients who did not lose weight. Moderate weight loss alone can alleviate sleep apnea, improve sleep architecture, and decrease daytime hypersomnolence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-855
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of internal medicine
Volume103
Issue number6 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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