Watermarking ICs for IP protection

R. D. Newbould, D. L. Irby, J. D. Carothers, J. J. Rodriguez, W. T. Holman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Watermarking, the embedding of data in a medium for tracking and ownership protection, has been well studied in digital audio, image, and video media. In this work, watermarking is brought into the realm of the physical design of integrated circuits (ICs) to protect and facilitate reuse of intellectual property (IP) circuitry blocks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-274
Number of pages3
JournalElectronics Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 14 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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