Water-based disease and microbial growth

Charles P. Gerba, Gordon L. Nichols

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


What are water-based diseases? According to Bradley (1977) water-based diseases (WBDs) are caused by helminths that have a life cycle involving an aquatic invertebrate animal. These helminths may be ingested in water or food (vegetable or animal) or enter the body through the skin during recreational or occupational exposures to water. Many of these diseases are also associated with defective sanitation (American Water Works Association, 2006). There is also a range of protozoa, bacteria, dinoflagellates, diatoms and cyanobacteria that live in water and infect humans directly or through ingestion of contaminated shellfish. These microorganisms and the diseases they cause are also considered water-based in this chapter and are summarized in Table 5.1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRoutledge Handbook of Water and Health
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781317436997
ISBN (Print)9781138910072
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Medicine


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