Watching dark solitons decay into vortex rings in a Bose-Einstein condensate

P. C. Haljan, C. A. Regal, D. L. Feder, L. A. Collins, C. W. Clark, B. P. Anderson, E. A. Cornell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

678 Scopus citations


Dark solitons were created in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates, where the soliton exists in one of the condensate components and the soliton nodal plane is filled with the second component. The filled solitons are stable for hundreds of milliseconds. The filling can be selectively removed, making the soliton more susceptible to dynamical instabilities. For a condensate in a spherically symmetric potential, these instabilities cause the dark soliton to decay into stable vortex rings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2926-2929
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number14
StatePublished - Apr 2 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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