W.A.A.C.K. C.S.P. the tensions and overlaps between Whiteness and culturally sustaining pedagogies

Nolan L. Cabrera, R. Jamaal Downey, Tonia F. Guida, Laura Lee Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article takes up the questions: How does Whiteness affect conceptions of Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies (CSP)? Specifically, when it comes to Whiteness, is there a culture worth sustaining? To begin this examination, we first outline what CSP and Whiteness are. Second, we review the literature within Critical Whiteness Studies (CWS) that takes up pedagogical questions. Third, we theorize the tensions and places of overlap across CSP and CWS—specifically that when it comes to Whiteness there is not a culture worth sustaining, but there is space for White people within CSP as long as they take account of Whiteness. Fourth, we propose a framework for merging CSP and CWS, W.A.A.C.K. C.S.P. (White folks Applying Anti-Racist Cultural Knowledge for Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies). We conclude with implications of this framework for future educational research and practical implications for White teachers and White students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Whiteness
  • culturally sustaining pedagogies
  • education
  • race
  • racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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