Visual acuity modeling using optical raytracing of schematic eyes

J. E. Greivenkamp, J. Schwiegerling, J. M. Miller, M. D. Mellinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


PURPOSE: We developed a methodology to predict changes in visual performance that result from changes in the optical properties of the eye. METHODS: Exact raytracing of schematic eyes was used to calculate the point spread function and the modulation transfer function of the visual system. The Stiles-Crawford effect, photopic response, diffraction, and the retinal contrast sensitivity are included in the model. Visual acuity was predicted by examining the modulation of the resultant retinal image of a bar target and by determining when the modulation falls below a threshold value. Visual acuity was predicted for refractive errors ranging from 0 to 5 diopters and for pupil diameters ranging from 0.5 to 8 mm. RESULTS: Visual acuity predictions were compared to clinically found Snellen visual acuities and were found to be highly correlated (r2 = .909). CONCLUSIONS: This modeling technique shows promise as a means of evaluating clinical and surgical procedures before undertaking clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-240
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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