Vision and eye health in children 36 to G72 Months: Proposed data definitions

Wendy L. Marsh-Tootle, Shirley A. Russ, Michael X. Repka, Sandra S. Block, Joseph M. Miller, Murray Walker, Martha Dewey Bergren, Richard T. Bunner, Susan A. Cotter, Lynn A. Cyert, Holly A. Grason, E. Eugenie Hartmann, Karen F. Hughes, Amy K. Hutchinson, Alex R. Kemper, Sandra Leonard, Stacy Ayn Lyons, Renee Mika, Bruce D. Moore, Nicole PrattGraham E. Quinn, Jean E. Ramsey, David K. Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Purpose. To recommend a standardized approach for measuring progress toward national goals to improve preschool children's eye health. Methods. A multidisciplinary panel of experts reviewed existing measures and national vision-related goals during a series of face-to-face meetings and conference calls. The panel used a consensus process, informed by existing data related to delivery of eye and non-eye services to preschool children. Results. Currently, providers of vision screening and eye examinations lack a system to provide national- or state-level estimates of the proportion of children who receive either a vision screening or an eye examination. The panel developed numerator and denominator definitions to measure rates of children "who completed a vision screening in a medical or community setting using a recommended method, or received an eye examination by an optometrist or ophthalmologist at least once between the ages of 36 to <72 months." A separate measure for children with neurodevelopmental disorders and measures for eye examination and follow-up were also developed. The panel recommended that these measures be implemented at national, state, and local levels. Conclusions. Standardized performance measures that include all eye services received by a child are needed at state and national levels to measure progress toward improving preschool children's eye health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Children
  • Data analysis
  • Performance measure
  • Vision
  • Vision screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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