35 Scopus citations


Removals of indigenous coliphage and seeded poliovirus type 1 during simulated soil-aquifer treatment were evaluated during transport of secondary effluent under unsaturated flow conditions in 1-m soil columns. Independent variables included soil type (river sand or sandy loam) and infiltration rate. Removal of coliphage was in all cases less than removal of poliovirus type 1 (strain LSc-2ab), supporting contentions that indigenous coliphage can act as a conservative indicator of groundwater contamination by viral pathogens of human origin. Coliphage retention was significantly more efficient (p<0.001) in the finer-grained sandy loam (93%) than in sand (76%). Increasing reactor detention time from 5 to 20h increased coliphage attenuation from 70% to 99% in a 1-m sand column. There was a significant linear correlation (p=0.012) between log-transformed (fractional) coliphage concentration [log(C/C0)] and reactor detention time. Re-mobilization of attached coliphage occurred during simulated rainfall using low-ionic-strength water. Inhibition of aerobic respiration resulted in significantly less efficient coliphage attenuation (p=0.033), suggesting the involvement of aerobic microorganisms in the survival/retention of this virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)753-762
Number of pages10
JournalWater research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2003


  • Coliphage
  • Soil-aquifer treatment
  • Virus
  • Wastewater effluent
  • Water reuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ecological Modeling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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