Virtual and physical venues as contexts for HIV risk among rural men who have sex with men

Keith J. Horvath, Anne M. Bowen, Mark L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Rural men who have sex with men (MSM) have few identifiable venues in which to congregate and meet potential sex partners. The Internet provides a venue for rural MSM to meet, and this is potentially troubling because studies of urban MSM suggest that HIV risk is higher for men who date online. The goals of this study were to identify venues where rural MSM meet their sexual partners and to examine their association with high-risk sexual practices. Six hundred sixty-three predominantly single, gay, Caucasian MSM completed an online survey of their sexual activities. Results showed that the Internet and bars were the most popular venues for meeting sex partners. Highest rates of risk behaviors were associated with Internet dating and venues in which immediate sexual encounters typically occur, suggesting that prevention in rural areas should target multiple-risk environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-242
Number of pages6
JournalHealth Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2006


  • Context
  • Environmental
  • Internet
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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