Viral presence in waste water and sewage and control methods

C. P. Gerba, M. Kitajima, B. Iker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

28 Scopus citations


This chapter discusses the occurrence of different virus types in wastewaters (sewage) and their removal by various treatment processes. Factors that influence the occurrence and concentration of viruses in wastewater are reviewed and the mechanisms involved in their removal discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationViruses in Food and Water
Subtitle of host publicationRisks, Surveillance and Control
PublisherElsevier Ltd.
Number of pages23
ISBN (Print)9780857094308
StatePublished - May 2013


  • Activated sludge
  • Disinfection
  • Sewage
  • Soil aquifer treatment
  • Treatment
  • Wastewater
  • Wetlands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Viral presence in waste water and sewage and control methods'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this