Victimization and Microaggressions Targeting LGBTQ College Students: Gender Identity As a Moderator of Psychological Distress

Kristie L. Seelman, Michael R. Woodford, Z. Nicolazzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer and questioning (LGBTQ) discrimination continues to be common on college campuses. While a number of studies have examined blatant victimization among students, little attention has been given to LGBTQ microaggressions. In this study, we examine both blatant victimization and microaggressions and their association with psychological distress among LGBTQ college students (N = 497) and look at whether gender identity moderates these relationships. Both forms of discrimination are associated with lower self-esteem and greater stress and anxiety. Victimization is more negatively associated with self-esteem among trans* students. Our findings emphasize the importance of addressing both blatant and subtle forms of discrimination targeting LGBTQ college students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-125
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work
Volume26
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Campus climate
  • college students
  • LGBTQ
  • mental health
  • microaggressions
  • victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education

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