Vesiculated alpha-tocopheryl succinate enhances the anti-tumor effect of dendritic cell vaccines

Lalitha V. Ramanathapuram, Tobias Hahn, Michael W. Graner, Emmanuel Katsanis, Emmanuel T. Akporiaye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Alpha tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS) is a non-toxic vitamin E analog under study for its anti-cancer properties. In an earlier study, we showed that α-TOS, when used in combination with non-matured dendritic cells (nmDC) to treat pre-established tumors, acts as an effective adjuvant. In this study, we have used vesiculated α-TOS (Vα-TOS), a more soluble form of α-TOS that is relevant for clinical use, in combination with dendritic cells to treat pre-established murine tumors. We demonstrate that Vα-TOS kills tumor cells in vitro and inhibits the growth of pre-established murine lung carcinoma (3LLD122) as effectively as α-TOS. The combination of Vα-TOS plus non-matured or TNF-α-matured DC is more effective at inhibiting the growth of established tumors than Vα-TOS alone. We also observed that Vα-TOS induces expression of heat shock proteins in tumor cells and that co-incubation of non-matured DC with lysate derived from Vα-TOS-treated tumor cells leads to DC maturation evidenced by up-regulation of co-stimulatory molecules and secretion of IL-12p70. This study therefore demonstrates the immunomodulatory properties of Vα-TOS that may account for its adjuvant effect when combined with DC vaccines to treat established tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)166-177
Number of pages12
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006


  • Dendritic cell
  • Heat shock proteins
  • Immunotherapy
  • Vaccine
  • α-tocopheryl succinate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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