The effects of verapamil and quinidine on p-aminohippurate (PAH) transport by isolated perfused snake (Thamnophis spp.) distal-proximal renal tubules were studied. Addition of 5 x 10-5 M verapamil or 1 x 10-4 M quinidine to the bath reversibly depressed net PAH secretion (J(net)(PAH)), apparent permeabilities of luminal (P(L)) and peritubular membranes (P(p)) to PAH, and initial rate of PAH transport into cells at the peritubular membrane without affecting net fluid absorption (J(v)), but simultaneously produced a threefold increase in PAH concentration ([PAH](cell)). Addition of 5 x 10-5 M verapamil to the perfusate reversibly depressed J(net)(PAH) and P(L) without affecting [PAH](cell) or J(v). Tetraethylammonium (1 x 10-3 M) did not alter the effects of verapamil on PAH transport. The data indicate that verapamil and quinidine in the bath inhibit J(net)(PAH) by inhibiting uptake into cells across peritubular membrane and efflux from cells across luminal and peritubular membranes and possibly by producing intracellular binding, verapamil in the perfusate inhibits J(net)(PAH) by inhibiting efflux from cells across the luminal membrane and probably uptake into cells across the peritubular membrane, and the verapamil effects on J(net)(PAH) do not depend on its entry into cells. The effects of verapamil may result primarily from inhibition of calcium entry into cells, but both verapamil and quinidine may have effects on PAH transport independent of effects on calcium.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology|
|State||Published - 1984|
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