Variational Principles for Confined and Unconfined Flow of Ground Water

Shlomo P. Neuman, Paul A. Witherspoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


Finite element techniques are being employed to an increasing degree in solving complicated groundwater flow problems, including problems with a free surface. These methods usually rely on the development of appropriate variational principles. This paper presents several such principles for both confined and unconfined flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1376-1382
Number of pages7
JournalWater Resources Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1970
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology


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