Variables in interracial aggression: Potential ingroup censure

Edward Donnerstein, Marcia Donnerstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Examined the influence of potential ingroup censure and race of target on aggressive and rewarding responses in 2 experiments with white male undergraduates (N = 72). In Exp. I, Ss were allowed to aggress against a black or white target under conditions varying the availability of their responses to an ingroup member. Prior to statistical analysis, 2 orthogonal variates were identified: direct aggression and indirect aggression. It was found that lower levels of direct aggression were delivered to black targets under potential censure conditions (responses available) than under noncensure conditions (responses not available). No differential responding was exhibited toward white targets as a function of the same situational conditions. In Exp. II, potential censure was found to facilitate both a direct form of reward and an indirect form of aggression toward black targets. Results are discussed in terms of problems associated with heightening aggressive inhibitions. An expanded conceptualization of the notion of indirect aggression is offered. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-150
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1973
Externally publishedYes


  • potential ingroup censure &
  • race of target, interracial aggressive &
  • rewarding responses, white college students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Variables in interracial aggression: Potential ingroup censure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this