Values in outdoor environmental education programs: Between education and advocacy

Jan Činčera, Bruce Johnson, Roman Kroufek

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Should or shouldn’t outdoor environmental education programs promote particular values? This chapter focuses on the tension between trying to avoid manipulation and trying to pursue the aims of environmental education. We summarize the discussion of values in environmental education and outline Schwartz’s theory of universal values, then we analyze what program leaders think about values and how they deal with the issue in their practice. We argue that no education is value-free. Based on our research study, we found a normative, value-laden approach in outdoor environmental education to be controversial but still the most suitable approach for these types of programs. In the conclusion, we examine various methods of shaping environmental values in outdoor programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReal World Learning in Outdoor Environmental Education Programs
Subtitle of host publicationThe Practice from the Perspective of Educational Research
PublisherMasaryk University
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9788021097582
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Values in outdoor environmental education programs: Between education and advocacy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this