Background Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D) is an inherited disease that causes structural and functional abnormalities of the right ventricle (RV). The presence of late potentials as assessed by the signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) is a minor task force criterion. Objective The purpose of this study was to examine the diagnostic and clinical value of the SAECG in a large population of genotyped ARVC/D probands. Methods We compared the SAECGs of 87 ARVC/D probands (age 37 ± 13 years, 47 males) diagnosed as affected or borderline by task force criteria without using the SAECG criterion with 103 control subjects. The association of SAECG abnormalities was also correlated with clinical presentation, surface ECG, ventricular tachycardia (VT) inducibility at electrophysiologic testing, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator therapy for VT, and RV abnormalities as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI). Results Compared with controls, all three components of the SAECG were highly associated with the diagnosis of ARVC/D (P <.001). They include the filtered QRS duration (97.8 ± 8.7 ms vs 119.6 ± 23.8 ms), low-amplitude signal (24.4 ± 9.2 ms vs 46.2 ± 23.7 ms), and root mean square amplitude of the last 40 ms of the QRS (50.4 ± 26.9 μV vs 27.9 ± 36.3 μV). The sensitivity of using SAECG for diagnosis of ARVC/D was increased from 47% using the established 2 of 3 criteria (i.e., late potentials) to 69% by using a modified criterion of any 1 of 3 criteria, while maintaining a high specificity of 95%. Abnormal SAECG as defined by this modified criterion was associated with a dilated RV volume and decreased RV ejection fraction detected by cMRI (P <.05). SAECG abnormalities did not vary with clinical presentation or reliably predict spontaneous or inducible VT and had limited correlation with ECG findings. Conclusion Using 1 of 3 SAECG criteria contributed to increased sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of ARVC/D. This finding is incorporated in the recent modification of the task force criteria.
- Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia
- Signal-averaged electrocardiogram
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)