Using group support systems for strategic planning with the United States Air Force

Mark Adkins, Michael Burgoon, Jay F. Nunamaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Strategic planning is a critical part of establishing an organization's direction. Although strategic planning is utilized throughout the United States Air Force today in various forms, group sessions can become time-consuming without structured planning and a focus on group communication. Computer-supported strategic planning, making effective use of technology, is one way to improve the strategic planning process. This research implements a group support system (GSS) as a communication tool to facilitate the strategic planning process. The researchers investigate effects of a facilitator's using technology to structure verbal and electronic communication, with the goal of increasing quality output and improving group member satisfaction. This project was completed at Mountain Home Air Force Base with the support of the 366th Wing. As predicted, a GSS facilitator's structuring verbal and electronic communication improved the quality of the strategic plan, reduced time to complete a strategic plan, and increased satisfaction with the strategic planning process. The results did not indicate increased commitment to implement the strategic plans developed by a group using GSS facilitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-337
Number of pages23
JournalDecision Support Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 2003


  • Air force
  • Decision quality
  • Elecronic meetings
  • Group support systems
  • GroupSystems
  • Satisfaction
  • Strategic planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Information Systems
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Information Systems and Management


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