Use of flow cytometry to quantify mouse gastric epithelial cell populations

Yana Zavros, Mary Van Antwerp, Juanita L. Merchant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Flow cytometry provides the opportunity to quantify cell populations within a total cell suspension. The quality of flow cytometry is strongly dependent on the isolation of intact viable cells. However, techniques to isolate mouse gastric cells for flow cytometry have not been evaluated. The objective of this study was to develop an effective method for isolating intact viable cells from mouse gastric tissue for flow cytometry. Cells were isolated from mouse stomach and spleen by either enzymatic separation or mechanical dissociation. A Percoll density gradient was used to separate viable cells from cellular debris. Cells were labeled with fluorescently tagged ligand or antibody and analyzed by flow cytometry. According to propidium iodide staining, there was a higher percentage of viable cells after mechanical dissociation (10-20%) compared to enzymatic separation (1%). After Percoll centrifugation there was a further increase in the percent of viable cells (50-80%). Gastrin (G), somatostatin (D), and parietal cells represented 0.6%, 3%, and 8% of the total epithelial cell population, respectively. T and B lymphocytes made up 4% and 2% in the gastric mucosa. Dissociated splenocytes were comprised of 20% T cells and 14% B cells. The ability to reliably resolve a cellular fraction that comprises only 0.6% of the input marks a substantial improvement over morphometric methods. Therefore, mechanical dissociation of the stomach followed by use of a Percoll gradient is the preferred method for isolating viable intact gastric epithelial cells for flow cytometry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1192-1199
Number of pages8
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Gastric epithelial cells
  • Gastrin
  • Helicobacter pylori
  • Parietal cells
  • Sornatostatin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology


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