Emerging studies have reported the mechanosensitive Piezo1 (piezo type mechanosensitive ion channel component 1) plays essential roles in regulating the vascular tone through mechanistic actions on intracellular calcium homeostasis. However, the specific roles of Piezo1 in pulmonary vessels remain incompletely understood. We aim to investigate whether and how Piezo1 regulates the intracellular calcium homeostasis in human pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) under normal and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) conditions. Cultured human PASMCs isolated from both control donors and idiopathic PAH patients were used as cell models. Fura-2 based intracellular calcium imaging was performed to measure the intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). Results showed that activation of Piezo1 by Yoda1 increases [Ca2+]iby inducing both intracellular calcium release from internal calcium stores through the intracellular (intra-) Piezo1 localized at the subcellular organelles, including endoplasmic reticulum/sarcoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and nucleus; as well as extracellular calcium influx through the plasma membrane-localized Piezo1 in a mechanism independent of the store-operated calcium entry. Moreover, the Piezo1-mediated increase of [Ca2+]iis linked to increased contraction and proliferation of PASMCs. Yoda1 induces dose-dependent vasocontraction in endothelium-denuded rat intrapulmonary arteries. Significant upregulation and increased activity of Piezo1 were observed in idiopathic PAH-PASMCs versus donor-PASMCs, contributing to the increased [Ca2+]iand excessive proliferation of idiopathic PAH-PASMCs. In summary, Piezo1 mediates the increase of [Ca2+]iby triggering both intracellular calcium release and extracellular influx. The enhanced Piezo1 expression and activity accounts, at least partially, for the abnormally elevated [Ca2+]iand proliferation in idiopathic PAH-PASMCs.
- muscle cells
- pulmonary arterial hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine