Universal research index: An inclusive metric to quantify scientific research output

USERN Advisory Board Members

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Scientometrics and bibliometrics, the subfields of library and information science, deal with the quantity and quality of research outputs. Currently, various scientometric indices are being used to quantify and compare research outputs. The most widely known is the h-index. However, this index and its derivatives suffer from dependence on the mere count of a scholar's highly cited publications. To remedy this deficiency, we developed a novel index, the Universal Research Index (UR-Index) (https://usern2021.github.io/UR-Index/) by which every single publication has its own impact on the total score. We developed this index by surveying international top 1 % cited scientists in various disciplines and included additional component variables such as publication type, leading role of a scholar, co-author count, and source metrics to this scientometric index. We acknowledge that unconscious biases built into the component variables included in the UR-Index might put research from specific groups at a disadvantage, thus continued efforts to improve equitable scholarly impact in science and academia are encouraged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102714
JournalJournal of Academic Librarianship
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2023


  • Citations
  • CiteScore
  • Impact factor
  • Leading author
  • Research impact
  • Scholarly impact
  • Scholarly output
  • Scientometrics
  • UR-Index
  • h-index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Library and Information Sciences


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