Univers de structures

Translated title of the contribution: Pattern universes

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

4 Scopus citations


In this essay we explore analogies between macroscopic patterns, which result from a sequence of phase transitions/instabilities starting from a homogeneous state, and similar phenomena in cosmology, where a sequence of phase transitions in the early universe is believed to have separated the fundamental forces from each other, and also shaped the structure and distribution of matter in the universe. We discuss three distinct aspects of this analogy: (i)Defects and topological charges in macroscopic patterns are analogous to spins and charges of quarks and leptons; (ii)Defects in generic 3+1 stripe patterns carry an energy density that accounts for phenomena that are currently attributed to dark matter; (iii)Space-time patterns of interacting nonlinear waves display behaviors reminiscent of quantum phenomena including inflation, entanglement and dark energy.

Translated title of the contributionPattern universes
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)318-331
Number of pages14
JournalComptes Rendus - Mecanique
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2019


  • Cosmology
  • Pattern formation
  • Phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials


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