Unified approach to pre- and in-flight satellite-sensor absolute radiometric calibration

Philip N. Slater, Stuart F. Biggar, James M. Palmer, Kurtis J. Thome

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

20 Scopus citations


The need is identified for a unified approach to the preflight and in-flight absolute radiometric calibration of satellite sensors, which does not depend on the accurate transfer of lamp and detector calibrations from the laboratory to orbit. Such an approach is described that uses the sun to provide the link between preflight solar-radiation-based calibration, in-flight solar- diffuser-based calibration, and vicarious calibration. An example is given of each of these methods and uncertainty budgets are provided. It is shown that an uncertainty, with respect to solar exo-atmospheric irradiance, of less than 3%, one sigma, can be attained for each method and that each can, if needed, be related to national laboratory standards. In addition to providing the link between preflight and in-flight on-board calibrations, this unified approach also fills the critical need to relate these calibrations to those of the radiometers used for vicarious calibration and data-product, field-validation measurements, by also referencing them to the same solar-irradiance scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Number of pages12
StatePublished - 1995
EventAdvanced and Next-Generation Satellites - Paris, Fr
Duration: Sep 25 1995Sep 28 1995

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherAdvanced and Next-Generation Satellites
CityParis, Fr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Unified approach to pre- and in-flight satellite-sensor absolute radiometric calibration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this