Uncertainty quantification and global sensitivity analysis of composite wind turbine blades

Mishal Thapa, Samy Missoum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, a framework for uncertainty quantification (UQ) and global sensitivity analysis (GSA) of composite wind turbine blades is presented. Because of the presence of uncertainties, the performance and reliability of wind turbine blades are adversely affected. Uncertainties must therefore be accounted for during the design phase. However, performing UQ of composite blades while considering a large number of random parameters is computationally intensive. To make the process tractable, this work is based on an approach referred to as polynomial chaos expansion (PCE) with l1-minimization. PCE also enables one to perform GSA to assess the relative importance of random parameters using Sobol Indices. This article also introduces an anisotropic formulation of PCE for dimension adaptive basis expansion. In addition, the UQ framework can handle random inputs with arbitrary distributions as well as spatial variations of material and geometric properties using Karhunen–Loève expansion. The presented framework was applied to three composite wind turbine blade problems – modal analysis, failure analysis, and buckling analysis – by considering the randomness in material and geometric parameters as well as loading conditions. The test case selected in this study is a blade from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory 5 Megawatt wind turbine. Results obtained with PCE were compared to Monte Carlo simulations. In addition, the influential random parameters were identified using Sobol Indices, obtained as an inexpensive sub-product of the PCE approximation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108354
JournalReliability Engineering and System Safety
Volume222
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Anisotropic basis expansion
  • Arbitrary polynomial chaos expansion
  • Composite wind turbine blades
  • Global sensitivity analysis
  • Karhunen–Loève expansion
  • Uncertainty quantification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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