Ultrafast laser stress figuring for accurate deformation of thin mirrors

Brandon D. Chalifoux, Kevin A. Laverty, Ian J. Arnold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fabricating freeform mirrors relies on accurate optical figuring processes capable of arbitrarily modifying low-spatial frequency height without creating higher-spatial frequency errors. We present a scalable process to accurately figure thin mirrors using stress generated by a focused ultrafast laser. We applied ultrafast laser stress figuring (ULSF) to four thin fused silica mirrors to correct them to 10-20 nm RMS over 28 Zernike terms, in 2-3 iterations, without significantly affecting higher-frequency errors. We measured the mirrors over a month and found that dielectric-coated mirrors were stable but stability of aluminum-coated mirrors was inconclusive. The accuracy and throughput for ULSF is on par with existing deterministic figuring processes, yet ULSF doesn’t significantly affect mid-spatial frequency errors, can be applied after mirror coating, and can scale to higher throughput using mature laser processing technologies. ULSF offers new potential to rapidly and accurately shape freeform mirrors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17767-17780
Number of pages14
JournalOptics Express
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - May 23 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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