Type X silicon carbide presolar grains: Type Ia supernova condensates?

Donald D. Clayton, David Arnett, Jave Kane, Bradley S. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


In terms of nucleosynthesis issues alone, we demonstrate that the type X silicon carbide particles have chemical and isotopic compositions resembling those from explosive helium burning in 14N-rich matter. These particles are extracted chemically from meteorites and were once interstellar particles. They have already been identified by their discoverers as supernova particles on the basis of their isotopic compositions, but we argue that they are from supernovae of Type Ia that explode with a cap of helium atop their CO structure. The relative abundances of the isotopes of C and Si and trace N, Mg, and Ca match those in the X particles without need of complicated and arbitrary mixing postulates. Furthermore, both C and Si abundances are enhanced and more abundant than O, which suggests that SiC is in fact the natural condensate of such matter. We also briefly address special issues relevant to the growth of dust within Type la interiors during their expansions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)824-834
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 PART I
StatePublished - 1997


  • Dust, extinction
  • ISM: abundances
  • ISM: molecules
  • Nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
  • Supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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