Type-II endoleaks following endovascular AAA repair: Preoperative predictors and long-term effects

F. R. Arko, G. D. Rubin, B. L. Johnson, B. B. Hill, T. J. Fogarty, C. K. Zarins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To determine the significance of persistent type-II endoleaks and whether they can be predicted preoperatively in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Methods: The charts of all AAA patients treated with the AneuRx stent-graft at a single center from 1996 to 1998 were reviewed. Patients with <12-month follow-up or type-I endoleaks were excluded. The presence or absence of type-II endoleaks was determined from duplex imaging and computed tomographic angiography. Three groups were identified and compared: 16 patients with persistent type-II endoleaks (PE), 14 patients with transient type-II endoleaks (TE), and 16 patients with no endoleak (NE). Results: The groups did not differ with regard to age, preoperative comorbidities, followup time, and AAA neck diameter and length. AAA diameters were 57.1 ± 9.0 mm for NE, 63.4 ± 11.4 mm for TE, and 55.6 ± 4.2 mm for PE. The inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) was patent in 5 (31%) NE patients, 6 (43%) TE patients, and 13 (81%) PE patients (p < 0.01). The number of patent lumbar arteries visualized preoperatively was 0.5 ± 1.0 in NE, 1.3 ± 0.8 in TE, and 2.4 ± 0.6 in PE (p < 0.0001). Patent IMAs (RR 0.82, p<0.01) and >2 lumbar arteries (RR 0.40, p < 0.0001) were identified as independent preoperative risk factors for persistent endoleaks. There were no changes in mean diameter or volume in aneurysms with persistent endoleaks. Conclusions: No adverse clinical events were related to the presence of type-II endoleaks, but there was no decrease in aneurysm size in patients with persistent type-II leaks. Patients with a large, patent IMA, or >2 lumbar arteries on preoperative CT angiography are at higher risk for persistent type-II endoleaks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-510
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endovascular Therapy
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AneuRx stent-graft
  • Aneurysm volume
  • Endovascular grafting
  • Inferior mesenteric artery
  • Lumbar arteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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