Two-year integrated efficacy and safety analysis of benralizumab in severe asthma

J. Mark Fitzgerald, Eugene R. Bleecker, Arnaud Bourdin, William W. Busse, Gary T. Ferguson, Laura Brooks, Peter Barker, Ubaldo J. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Benralizumab is an interleukin-5 receptor alpha–directed cytolytic monoclonal antibody. Treatment with benralizumab significantly reduces exacerbations and improves lung function after 1 year for patients with severe, uncontrolled eosinophilic asthma. Objective: We explored whether benralizumab efficacy was sustained after an additional year of treatment while maintaining an acceptable safety profile. Methods: Data from the pivotal 48-week SIROCCO and 56-week CALIMA studies were integrated with data from the predefined 56-week adult phase of the BORA extension study to provide a 2-year integrated efficacy and safety analysis of benralizumab. BORA enrolled patients who had completed SIROCCO or CALIMA. Patients receiving benralizumab 30 mg subcutaneously, either every 4 weeks (Q4W) or every 8 weeks (Q8W; first three doses Q4W), were assessed. Efficacy was evaluated based on baseline blood eosinophil counts from the pivotal studies (≥300 and <300 cells/μL). Results: Mean treatment exposures were 24.3 (Q4W, n=518) and 24.6 (Q8W, n=512) months. Exacerbation frequency reductions observed in SIROCCO/CALIMA were maintained; 50% of the patients had no exacerbations during the 2-year study period (crude exacerbation rate, Q8W: 0.56 exacerbations/year for patients with blood eosinophil counts ≥300 cells/μL). Lung function improvements with benralizumab were maintained for 2 years, as represented by increases in mean prebronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second from baseline of 0.343 L and 0.364 L with 1 and 2 years of benralizumab Q8W treatment, respectively, for patients with blood eosinophil counts ≥300 cells/μL. Health-related quality of life improvements with benralizumab observed in the pivotal studies were also sustained. Adverse events and serious adverse event rates were similar between the BORA extension and SIROCCO/CALIMA periods, with no new or unexpected occurrence of adverse events. Conclusion: This benralizumab 2-year integrated analysis further supports long-term use of benralizumab for patients with severe, uncontrolled eosinophilic asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-413
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Asthma and Allergy
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Benralizumab
  • Clinical features
  • Eosinophilic inflammation
  • Interleukin-5 receptor
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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