Two-step phase-shifting algorithms with background removal and no background removal

Yu Zhang, Bao Liu, Rongguang Liang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


To balance the accuracy and speed of phase reconstruction, two-step phase-shifting algorithms (TS-PSAs) have been developed. TS-PSAs can be divided into two types, one is TS-PSAs with background removal (TS-PSAs-BR), and the other is TS-PSAs with no background removal (TS-PSAs-NBR). We select 6 well-reputed TS-PSAs-BR and 4 TS-PSAs-NBR proposed by the authors of this paper for performance comparison. In order to remove the background, the Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT) and mean intensity subtraction are used respectively. We compare 10 TS-PSAs with different fringe types, different levels of noise, different phase shifts, different fringe numbers and computational time in the simulations, and the experiments are also performed to compare them. Finally, we rank TS-PSAs according to their comparative results, and Euclidean matrix norm of sum and difference map and fast least-squares algorithm (EMNSD&FLSA) provides the best overall performance, it can achieve high accuracy and high efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107327
JournalOptics and Lasers in Engineering
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • Accuracy
  • Background removal
  • Phase shift
  • Two-step phase-shifting algorithm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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