Two galaxy clusters: A3565 and A3560

C. N.A. Willmer, M. A.G. Maia, S. O. Mendes, M. V. Alonso, L. A. Rios, O. L. Chaves, D. F. De Mello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


We report 102 new redshifts and magnitudes for a sample of galaxies to RF ∼ 15.5 mag in a 2°.17 × 2°.17 region centered on the galaxy IC 4296, the most luminous member of the A3565 Cluster. Up to the limiting magnitude, we find 29 cluster members and measure a velocity dispersion of σ = 228 km s-1. The estimated total mass for this system is ∼3.0 × 1013 h-1 M [where h = H0/(100 km s-1 Mpc-1)], and its dynamical properties are quite typical of poor clusters presenting X-ray emission. We also find that galaxies with absorption lines are more concentrated toward the center of the cluster, while systems with emission lines are mainly located in the outer parts. The small velocity dispersion of the cluster, coupled with the known presence of an interacting pair of galaxies, and the large extent of the brightest cluster galaxy, could indicate that galaxy formation through mergers may still be underway in this system. The surveyed region also contains galaxies belonging to the Shapley concentration cluster A3560. Within 30′ of the cluster center, we detect 32 galaxies, for which we measure a velocity dispersion of 588 km s-1 and a mass of ∼2 × 1014 h-1 M. However, because our sample is restricted to galaxies brighter than M*, these values should be considered only as rough estimates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1131-1145
Number of pages15
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Galaxies: clusters: individual (A3563, A3560)
  • Galaxies: distances and redshifts
  • Galaxies: photometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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