TY - JOUR

T1 - Two-dimensional spin-polarized fermion lattice gases

AU - Gubernatis, J. E.

AU - Scalapino, D. J.

AU - Sugar, R. L.

AU - Toussaint, W. D.

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - A model of spin-polarized fermions hopping on a two-dimensional lattice with a nearest-neighbor interaction V is studied. Random-phase-approximation calculations predict that the half-filled system undergoes a density-wave transition for positive values of V, an odd-angular-momentum pairing transition for small negative V, and a condensation-phase-separation transition for more negative values of V. The classical lattice-gas Ising limit matches onto the density-wave transition for V>0 and the condensation transition for V<0. A strong-coupling expansion in powers of the ratio of single-fermion transfer-matrix element t to the two-body interaction V provides the leading corrections to the Ising limit. In order to explore the intermediate-coupling regime, fermion Monte Carlo calculations were carried out and various Greens functions characterizing the quantum correlations evaluated. With use of finite-size scaling techniques, the density-wave and condensation phase boundaries were followed into the intermediate-coupling regime. At these transitions, measured quantities scaled well with the usual Ising indices. Unfortunately, the weak-coupling regime lies beyond the reach of these simulations, and we conclude that a method suitable for the weak-coupling regime is needed to complete the phase diagram.

AB - A model of spin-polarized fermions hopping on a two-dimensional lattice with a nearest-neighbor interaction V is studied. Random-phase-approximation calculations predict that the half-filled system undergoes a density-wave transition for positive values of V, an odd-angular-momentum pairing transition for small negative V, and a condensation-phase-separation transition for more negative values of V. The classical lattice-gas Ising limit matches onto the density-wave transition for V>0 and the condensation transition for V<0. A strong-coupling expansion in powers of the ratio of single-fermion transfer-matrix element t to the two-body interaction V provides the leading corrections to the Ising limit. In order to explore the intermediate-coupling regime, fermion Monte Carlo calculations were carried out and various Greens functions characterizing the quantum correlations evaluated. With use of finite-size scaling techniques, the density-wave and condensation phase boundaries were followed into the intermediate-coupling regime. At these transitions, measured quantities scaled well with the usual Ising indices. Unfortunately, the weak-coupling regime lies beyond the reach of these simulations, and we conclude that a method suitable for the weak-coupling regime is needed to complete the phase diagram.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.32.103

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.32.103

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0000286617

VL - 32

SP - 103

EP - 116

JO - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

JF - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

SN - 0163-1829

IS - 1

ER -