Two-dimensional crystal growth from undersaturated solutions

Anne E. Murdaugh, Mary Liddelow, Anneliese M. Schmidt, Srinivas Manne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The solubility of a substance is commonly understood as the minimum concentration necessary for the condensation of a solid phase from solution. Here we report the nucleation and growth of ionic compounds from aqueous concentrations on the order of 0.1 times the solubility. The condensation is catalyzed by a foreign substrate, and the new phase grows as a crystalline monolayer. Undersaturated growth is observed only in cases where the dissolved compound is isomorphic with the substrate and the interaction strength between a dissolved-ion/substrate-ion pair exceeds that between the two dissolved ions. These results are consistent with a simple model in which favorable ion-surface interactions lead to ion enrichment and supersaturation in the two-dimensional interfacial zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5852-5856
Number of pages5
Issue number11
StatePublished - May 22 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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