Turbulent burst around experimental spur dike

Jennifer Duan, Li He, Guangqian Wang, Xudong Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional turbulent flow field was measured around an experimental spur dike by using a micro-acoustic Doppler velocimeter. Time fractions of turbulent burst events including outward interaction, ejection, inward interaction, and sweep were analyzed in each quadrant at the neighbor of the dike before and after the formation of scour hole. Over 80% of burst events near the bed have lower-order of magnitudes for both flat and scoured bed surfaces. Ejections and sweeps are prevalent before the local scour was initiated, and then outward interactions are dominant after the scour hole was formed. Conditional Reynolds stresses and high-order moments of turbulent velocities were analyzed along the thalweg. The magnitudes of u'- w' pair were much larger than those of v'- w' pair in the scour zone. Among four burst events, ejections and sweeps are the higher order events contributing to the Reynolds stresses. Since sediment entrainment and transport are closely associated with turbulent bursts near bed, the development of scour hole greatly depends on the higher order event near the bed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)471-486
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Sediment Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2011


  • High-order momentums
  • Quadrant analysis
  • Spur dike
  • Turbulent burst

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy


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