The deviation angle variance technique (DAV-T) for genesis detection is applied in the western and eastern North Pacific basins. The DAV-T quantifies the axisymmetric organization of cloud clusters using infrared brightness temperature. Since axisymmetry is typically correlated with intensity, the technique can be used to identify relatively high levels of organization at early stages of storm life cycles associated with tropical cyclogenesis. In addition, the technique can be used to automatically track cloud clusters that exhibit signs of organization. In the western North Pacific, automated tracking results for the 2009-11 typhoon seasons show that for a false alarmrate of 25.6%, 96.8%of developing tropical cyclones are detected with a median time of 18.5 h before the cluster reaches an intensity of 30 knots (kt; 1 kt 5 0.51ms-1 ) in the Joint TyphoonWarning Center best track at a DAV threshold of 1750°2 . In the eastern North Pacific, for a false alarm rate of 38.0%, the system detects 92.9% of developing tropical cyclones with a median time of 1.25 h before the cluster reaches an intensity of 30 kt in theNationalHurricane Center best track during the 2009-11 hurricane seasons at a DAV threshold of 1650°2. A significant decrease in tracked nondeveloping clusters occurs when a second organization threshold is introduced, particularly in the western North Pacific.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atmospheric Science