Trophic factors and cytokines in early diabetic glomerulopathy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The intent of this review is to focus on recent advances in the understanding of the factors responsible for the progressive pathologic features of diabetic kidney disease, with special attention to various growth factors and cytokines that appear to be important in this process. In addition, emphasis is centered on relatively early stages of the disease, because animal models have been most helpful to date in understanding this stage of the disease process. Although tubulointerstitial changes are of critical importance in the progression of diabetic nephropathy, especially in the evolution to end-stage renal disease, there is a general consensus that glomerular pathology occurs first. Therefore, attention is limited to factors that may be important in the development of early diabetic glomerulopathy, including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-233
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Diabesity Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • Growth factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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