Tremarctos ornatus (Carnivora: Ursidae)

I. Mauricio Vela-Vargas, Jeffrey P. Jorgenson, José F. González-Maya, John L. Koprowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Tremarctos ornatus (F.G. Cuvier, 1825) is a tremarctine bear commonly known as the Andean bear. It is a medium-sized bear with black to dark red-brown pelage with dense, long, coarse fur; creamy white marks occur on the chin, neck, and chest, and often white to creamy marks occur on the face, around the muzzle, and eyes. It is distributed in the tropical Andes of Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, and northern Argentina in South America. T. ornatus is catalogued as "Vulnerable"(VU) by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources and is included in CITES Appendix I. Main threats include habitat loss and fragmentation, illegal killing, human-bear conflicts, and most likely climate change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-94
Number of pages17
JournalMammalian Species
Issue number1006
StatePublished - Jul 15 2021


  • Andean bear
  • Andean cloud forest
  • Andes Cordillera
  • Bosque de niebla
  • Cordillera de los Andes
  • Páramo
  • Páramo
  • South America
  • Sur América
  • bear
  • oso
  • oso andino
  • oso de anteojos
  • spectacled bear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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