Cryptosporidiosis commonly causes severe diarrhea in immunosuppressed patients. There currently are no antiparasitic drugs consistently effective for this infection. This case describes a 26-year-old hemophiliac patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and cryptosporidiosis whose diarrhea improved with continuous intravenous administration of a long-acting somatostatin analog, octreotide. Somatostatin has a variety of inhibitory effects of gastrointestinal hormones as well as a possible nonspecific effect on gastrointestinal mucosal fluid and electrolyte secretion. The somatostatin analog should be considered for patients with secretory diarrhea refractory to other forms of therapy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
- Pharmacology (medical)