Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are a major health threat to populations in North America and throughout the world. Since HIV-infected individuals have an extended lifespan due to the development of effective antiretroviral therapies, malnutrition and wasting are becoming central factors in the health care plans of long-term survivors. The nutrition status of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients has an important influence on the maintenance and optimal efficiency of the immune system. Micronutrient therapy in conjunction with allopathic treatments can extend and improve the quality and quantity of life in individuals infected with HIV as well as those living with AIDS. In this section we will discuss the current work on the consequences of malnutrition as well as the effectiveness of antioxidant supplementation in HIV/AIDS patients.
- Immune system
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics