Transposable element orientation bias in the Drosophila melanogaster genome

Asher D. Cutter, Jeffrey M. Good, Christopher T. Pappas, Matthew A. Saunders, Dean M. Starrett, Travis J. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nonrandom distributions of transposable elements can be generated by a variety of genomic features. Using the full D. melanogaster genome as a model, we characterize the orientations of different classes of transposable elements in relation to the directionality of genes. DNA-mediated transposable elements are more likely to be in the same orientation as neighboring genes when they occur in the nontranscribed region's that flank genes. However, RNA-mediated transposable elements located in an intron are more often oriented in the direction opposite to that of the host gene. These orientation biases are strongest for genes with highly biased codon usage, probably reflecting the ability of such loci to respond to weak positive or negative selection. The leading hypothesis for selection against transposable elements in the coding orientation proposes that transcription termination poly(A) signal motifs within retroelements interfere with normal gene transcription. However, after accounting for differences in base composition between the strands, we find no evidence for global selection against spurious transcription termination signals in introns. We therefore conclude that premature termination of host gene transcription due to the presence of poly(A) signal motifs in retroelements might only partially explain strand-specific detrimental effects in the D. melanogaster genome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)733-741
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Evolution
Volume61
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Codon usage bias
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Polyadenylation
  • Transposable elements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Transposable element orientation bias in the Drosophila melanogaster genome'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this