Transport Turnover Rates for Human OCT2 and MATE1 Expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells

Xiaohong Zhang, Stephen H. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


MATE1 (multidrug and toxin extruder 1) and OCT2 (organic cation transporter 2) play critical roles in organic cation excretion by the human kidney. The transporter turnover rate (TOR) is relevant to understanding both their transport mechanisms and interpreting the in vitro–in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) required for physiologically‐based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling. Here, we use a quantitative western blot method to determine TORs for MATE1 and OCT2 proteins expressed in CHO cells. MATE1 and OCT2, each with a C‐terminal V‐5 epitope tag, were cell surface biotinylated and the amount of cell surface MATE1 and OCT2 protein was quantified by western analysis, using standard curves for the V5 epitope. Cell surface MATE1 and OCT2 protein represented 25% and 24%, respectively, of the total expression of these proteins in CHO cells. The number of cell surface transporters was ~55 fmol cm−2 for MATE1 and ~510 fmol cm−2 for OCT2. Dividing these values into the different Jmax values for transport of MPP, metformin, and atenolol mediated by MATE1 and OCT2 resulted in calculated TOR values (±SE, n = 4) of 84.0 ± 22.0 s−1 and 2.9 ± 0.6 s−1; metformin, 461.0 ± 121.0 s−1 and 12.6 ± 2.4 s−1; atenolol, 118.0 ± 31.0 s−1, respectively. These values are consistent with the TOR values determined for a variety of exchangers (NHEs), cotransporters (SGLTs, Lac permease), and uniporters (GLUTs, ENTs).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1472
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022


  • Kidney
  • Organic cation
  • Transport
  • Transporter turnover rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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