Transnational Terrorism as an Unintended Consequence of a Military Footprint

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20 Scopus citations


Terrorist groups commonly cite the local presence of foreign troops as a motivation for their violence. This article examines the validity and robustness of the proposition that the deployment of military capabilities overseas provokes terrorist violence against the deploying state's global interests. A cross-national dataset, combining data on foreign troop deployments and transnational terrorist violence directed against states' global interests, is used to create a series of empirical models at the directed-dyad-year level of analysis. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analyses provide corroborative evidence of territorial terrorism. These findings are robust to a wide variety of alternative specifications and to the use of instrumental variables regression to model the potential endogeneity of terrorism to troop deployment decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-375
Number of pages27
JournalSecurity Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 3 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Political Science and International Relations


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