Transient cardiac expression of the tinman-family homeobox gene, XNkx2- 10

Craig S. Newman, James Reecy, Matt W. Grow, Karen Ni, Thomas Boettger, Michael Kessel, Robert J. Schwartz, Paul A. Krieg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


In Drosophila, the tinman homeobox gene is absolutely required for heart development. In the vertebrates, a small family of tinman-related genes, the cardiac NK-2 genes, appear to play a similar role in the formation of the vertebrate heart. However, targeted gene ablation of one of these genes, Nkx2-5, results in defects in only the late stages of cardiac development suggesting the presence of a rescuing gene function early in development. Here, we report the characterization of a novel tinman-related gene, XNkx2- 10, which is expressed during early heart development in Xenopus. Using in vitro assays, we show that XNkx2-10 is capable of transactivating expression from promoters previously shown to be activated by other tinman-related genes, including Nkx2-5. Furthermore, Xenopus Nkx2-10 can synergize with the GATA-4 and SRF transcription factors to activate reporter gene expression. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-373
Number of pages5
JournalMechanisms of Development
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2000


  • Heart
  • Nkx
  • Pharyngeal endoderm
  • tinman

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Embryology
  • Developmental Biology


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