Transgenerational Inheritance of Diet-Induced Genome Rearrangements in Drosophila

John C. Aldrich, Keith A. Maggert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA) copy number variation modulates heterochromatin formation and influences the expression of a large fraction of the Drosophila ge-nome. This discovery, along with the link between rDNA, aging, and disease, high-lights the importance of understanding how natural rDNA copy number variation arises. Pursuing the relationship between rDNA expression and stability, we have discovered that increased dietary yeast concentration, emulating periods of dietary excess during life, results in somatic rDNA instability and copy number reduction. Modulation of Insulin/TOR signaling produces similar results, indicating a role for known nutrient sensing signaling pathways in this process. Furthermore, adults fed elevated dietary yeast concentrations produce offspring with fewer rDNA copies demonstrating that these effects also occur in the germline, and are transgenera-tionally heritable. This finding explains one source of natural rDNA copy number variation revealing a clear long-term consequence of diet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1005148
JournalPLoS genetics
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cancer Research

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